Cost effective intercontinental shipping relies heavily on oceanic vessels, which in turn use a variety of shipping containers to streamline the process. Standardization of sizing allows transport ships to plan and store the maximum amount of cargo per voyage. Since its inception in the 1950s, Intermodal container shipping implemented by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) became the most popular method for transporting large cargo. Oceanic vessels designed for cargo transport are designed based on the amount of containers they hold.
Interior Design and Shipping Capacity
Container ships are often described based on their ability to store cargo. For example, a ship that can hold 5,000 containers might be listed as a vessel with a 5,000 TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) capacity. Shipping containers come in three basic sizes, 10', 20' and 40', allowing some flexibility for shipping logistics.
Shipping Specialized Cargo
Basic cargo containers have no temperature controls and are neither water nor air tight. This does not work for sensitive materials like many pharmaceuticals, chemical compounds, food items and anything else that requires environmental controls to stay usable. For perishable and hazardous materials, goods require refrigerated transport.
The Logistics of Perishables
Food, particularly fish, requires a blast freezer container to quickly chill it to -60 degrees, and a storage freezer to keep it at that temperature. This process helps fish retain moisture, keeping it fresher longer. All meat ships better when frozen, making freezer containers an integral part of shipping food stuffs internationally.
Certain pharmaceutical compounds and chemicals also need refrigerated transport that includes temperature monitoring. Some chemicals can explode if they are not kept at their required temperature. In order to ship safely and meet all required safety codes, these hazardous materials must be shipped in containers with temperature controls and satellite monitoring. Not only does this address safety concerns, it also allows the shipper to guarantee product freshness and quality. By checking temperature records, the shipper can ensure that a container has maintained the desired temperature throughout the trip. Automated settings can send alerts if a container temperature fluctuates outside of the set range.
Klinge Corporation offers a complete range of refrigerated and frozen container transport options for pharmaceuticals, chemicals, food, military supplies, and even off shore drilling. Designed to weather the rigors of travel, even when stacked seven containers high like in some oceanic vessels, Klinge containers maintain quality temperature controls.